Philosophy explores logical explanations of reality, knowledge and morality. This minor will provide you with a basic understanding of the history of Western philosophy, complementing majors in religion, literature, the arts, history and science.


  • The philosophy minor introduces you to logic, critical thinking and philosophical ethics.
  • Texts from both ancient and modern philosophers are explored, and optional courses discuss theology and ethics, the philosophy of history and religion and the history of political theory, among other topics.

Career opportunities

The study of philosophy develops the ability to think logically and ethically; this ability can be useful in any professional environment, but is especially valuable in careers in ministry, data management, business development and nonprofit leadership.

Course listing

General Education Prerequisites

PHIL-100Introduction to Philosophy3

Required Courses* (minimum 15 Units)

PHIL-103Logic and Critical Thinking3

Select one of the following

PHIL-331Ancient Philosophy3
PHIL-333Medieval Philosophy3
PHIL-335Modern Philosophy3
PHIL-39320th Century Western Thought3

Select three of the following

BIOL-470History and Philosophy of Science3
COM-368Ancient and Medieval Rhetoric3
HIST-360Greece: Drama and Paideia in the Polis4
PHIL-110Introduction to Philosophical Ethics3
PHIL-286Topics in Philosophy3
PHIL-331Ancient Philosophy**3
PHIL-333Medieval Philosophy**3
PHIL-335Modern Philosophy**3
PHIL-340Eastern Philosophy3
PHIL-39320th Century Western Thought**3
PHIL-405Philosophy of Religion3
PHIL-430American Wilderness Literature and Philosophy3
PHIL-450History of Political Theory and Ideas3
PHIL-455Philosophy of Language3
PHIL-460Philosophy of History3
PHIL-481Navajo Philosophy and Ethics3
PHIL-486Topics in Philosophy3

* an upper-division course from another program may count toward the philosophy minor if the course is pertinent to the philosophy minor and approved by the philosophy program director.

** PHIL-331, PHIL-333, PHIL-335 and PHIL-393 can be taken in either area, but cannot overlap to satisfy both requirements.